Graduated from Mount Abraham High School in Bristol, Vermont.2007At Class AA Chattanooga and Class AAA Louisville combined to finish 6-5-2, 3.89 in 5 starts
and 49 relief apps...made all 5 starts in his first 5 apps of the season for the Lookouts...earned his first 2
professional saves, both for Chattanooga, on 5/5 at Huntsville and 5/10 vs Carolina...on 7/25 vs Mississippi
recorded 7 strikeouts in 3.0 scoreless innings...produced a win or save in 5 of his last 6 apps for Chattanooga...
on 7/28 was transfered to Louisville...on 8/17 at Charlotte picked up his first Class AAA victory (12-9 win)...
following the season pitched for the Surprise Rafters in the prestigious Arizona Fall League (9g, 1-1-2, 1.08,
8.1ip, 7h, 6bb, 10k)...on 11/20 was added to the 40-man roster.2006At Class AA Chattanooga led the Southern League in starts (28)...allowed 2 runs or less in 15 of his
28 starts...on 6/25, in the 1-0 loss at Huntsville, pitched 6.0 shutout innings (4h, 7k)...following the season
pitched for Phoenix in the Arizona Fall League.