Prosecutors asked the appeals court Monday to allow them to present, among other things, test results purporting to show that Bonds used performance-enhancing drugs, the report said.
In February, U.S. District Court Judge Susan Illston ruled that any evidence connected to Bonds' personal trainer, Greg Anderson, was off limits. Anderson has told the judge he would go to jail rather than testify against Bonds.
Bonds has pleaded not guilty to lying to a federal grand jury in 2003, when he denied knowingly taking performance-enhancing drugs.
The government filed its plea with the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
Jesse Sanchez is a reporter for MLB.com. This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.