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Breaking barriers

Breaking barriers

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Breaking barriers
Following is a list of the first barrier breakers to appear for each of the 16 Major League Baseball franchises that existed when Jackie Robinson became the first player to break the color barrier with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947.

PLAYERS BY TEAM
Brooklyn Dodgers: Jackie Robinson, April 15, 1947
New York Giants: Henry Thompson, July 8, 1949
Boston Braves: Sam Jethroe, April 15, 1950
Chicago Cubs: Ernie Banks, September 17, 1953
St. Louis Cardinals: Tom Alston, April 13, 1954
Pittsburgh Pirates: Curt Roberts, April 13, 1954
Cincinnati Reds: Nino Escalera, April 17, 1954
Philadelphia Phillies: John Irvin Kennedy, April 22, 1957
Cleveland Indians: Larry Doby, July 5, 1947
St. Louis Browns: Henry Thompson, July 17, 1947
Chicago White Sox: Minnie Minoso, 1949. Chico Carrasquel, May 1, 1951
Philadelphia Athletics: Bob Trice, September 13, 1953
Washington Senators: Carlos Paula, September 6, 1954
New York Yankees: Elston Howard, April 14, 1955
Detroit Tigers: Ozzie Virgil, June 6, 1958
Boston Red Sox: Pumpsie Green, July 21, 1959

MANAGERS
Preston Gomez: San Diego Padres, 1969-72. Houston Astros, 1974-75. Chicago Cubs, 1980.
Frank Robinson: Cleveland Indians, 1975. San Francisco Giants, 1981-84. Baltimore Orioles, 1988-91. Montreal Expos, 2002-2004. Washington Nationals 2005 - 2006
Larry Doby: Chicago White Sox, 1978.
Maury Wills: Seattle Mariners, 1980.
Cookie Rojas: California Angels, 1988. Florida Marlins, 1996.
Cito Gaston: Toronto Blue Jays, 1989-97. 2008-2010.
Hal McRae: Kansas City Royals, 1991-94. Tampa Bay Devil Rays, 2001-02.
Don Baylor: Colorado Rockies, 1992-98. Chicago Cubs, 2000-02.
Felipe Alou: Montreal Expos, 1992-2001. San Francisco Giants, 2003-2006.
Dusty Baker: San Francisco Giants, 1992-2002. Chicago Cubs, 2003-2005. Cincinnati Reds, 2008-present.
Tony Perez: Cincinnati Reds, 1993. Florida Marlins, 2001.
Jerry Manuel: Chicago White Sox, 1997-2003. New York Mets, 2008-2010.
Davey Lopes: Milwaukee Brewers, 2000-2002.
Lloyd McClendon: Pittsburgh Pirates, 2001-2005.
Jerry Royster: Milwaukee Brewers, 2002.
Luis Pujols: Detroit Tigers, 2002.
Tony Pena: Kansas City Royals, 2002-2005.
Carlos Tosca: Toronto Blue Jays, 2002-2004.
Ozzie Guillen: Chicago White Sox, 2004-2011. Miami Marlins, 2012-present.
Al Pedrique (interim): Arizona Diamondbacks, 2004.
Willie Randolph: New York Mets, 2005-2008.
Ron Washington: Texas Rangers, 2007-present.
Cecil Cooper: Houston Astros, 2007-2009.
Manny Acta: Washington Nationals ,2007-2009. Cleveland Indians, 2010-present.
Fredi Gonzalez: Florida Marlins, 2007-2010. Atlanta Braves, 2011-present.
Edwin Rodriguez: Florida Marlins 2010-2011.

FIRST 100 AFRICAN-AMERICAN PLAYERS
Jackie Robinson: Brooklyn Dodgers, April 15, 1947
Larry Doby: Cleveland Indians, July 5, 1947
Henry Thompson: St. Louis Browns, July 17, 1947
Willard J. Brown: St. Louis Browns, July 19, 1947
Dan Bankhead: Brooklyn Dodgers, August 26, 1947
Roy Campanella: Brooklyn Dodgers, April 20, 1948
Leroy Satchel Paige: Cleveland Indians, July 9, 1948
Don Newcombe: Brooklyn Dodgers, May 20, 1949
Monte Irvin: New York Giants, July 18, 1949
Luke Easter: Cleveland Indians, August 11, 1949
Sam Jethroe: Boston Braves, April 18, 1950
Artie Wilson: New York Giants, April 18, 1951
Harry Simpson: Cleveland Indians, April 21, 1951
Willie Mays: New York Giants, May 25, 1951
Sam Hairston: Chicago White Sox, July 21, 1951
Bob Boyd: Chicago White Sox, September 8, 1951
Sam Jones: Cleveland Indians, September 22, 1951
George Crowe: Boston Braves, April 16, 1952
Quincy Troupe: Cleveland Indians, April 30, 1952
James (Buzz) Clarkson: Boston Braves, April 30, 1952
Joe Black: Brooklyn Dodgers, May 1, 1952
Dave Pope: Cleveland Indians, July 1, 1952
Billy Bruton: Milwaukee Braves, April 13, 1953
Jim Gilliam: Brooklyn Dodgers, April 14, 1953
Jim Pendleton: Milwaukee Braves, April 17, 1953
Clifford (Connie) Johnson: Chicago White Sox, April 17, 1953
David Hoskins: Cleveland Indians, April 18, 1953
Alphonse (Al) Smith: Cleveland Indians, April 18, 1953
Bob Trice: Philadelphia Athletics, September 13, 1953
Ernie Banks: Chicago Cubs, September 17, 1953
Gene Baker: Chicago Cubs, September 20, 1953
Hank Aaron: Milwaukee Braves, April 13, 1954
Tom Alston: St. Louis Cardinals, April 13, 1954
Curt Roberts: Pittsburgh Pirates, April 13, 1954
Charles (Chuck) Harmon: Cincinnati Reds, April 17, 1954
Charlie White: Milwaukee Braves, April 18, 1954
Jehoise Heard: Baltimore Orioles, April 24, 1954
Bill Greason: St. Louis Cardinals, May 31, 1954
Brooks Lawrence: St. Louis Cardinals, June 24, 1954
Joseph C. Taylor: Philadelphia Athletics, August 26, 1954
Joesph Durham: Baltimore Orioles, September 10, 1954
Bob Thurman: Cincinnati Reds, April 14, 1955
Elston Howard: New York Yankees, April 14, 1955
Milton Smith: Cincinnati Reds, July 21, 1955
William Harrell: Cleveland Indians, September 2, 1955
Earl Battey: Chicago White Sox, September 10, 1955
Solly Drake: Chicago Cubs, April 17, 1956
Frank Robinson: Cincinnati Reds, April 17, 1956
Charlie Neal: Brooklyn Dodgers, April 17, 1956
Wes Covington: Milwaukee Braves, April 19, 1956
William D. White: New York Giants, May 7, 1956
Charles Peete: St. Louis Cardinals, July 17, 1956
Curt Flood: Cincinnati Reds, September 9, 1956
Joseph C. Caffie: Cleveland Indians, September 13, 1956
Charles Beamon: Baltimore Orioles, September 26, 1956
Larry Raines: Cleveland Indians, April 16, 1957
John Kennedy: Philadelphia Phillies, April 22, 1957
John Roseboro: Brooklyn Dodgers, June 14, 1957
Lenny Green: Baltimore Orioles, August 25, 1957
Frank Barnes: St. Louis Cardinals, September 22, 1957
Bernie Daniels: Pittsburgh Pirates, September 24, 1957
Willie Kirkland: San Francisco Giants, April 15, 1958
Vada Pinson: Cincinnati Reds, April 15, 1958
R.C. Stevens: Pittsburgh Pirates, April 15, 1958
James (Mudcat) Grant: Cleveland Indians, April 17, 1958
Robert (Bob) Wilson: Los Angeles Dodgers, May 17, 1958
Leon Wagner: San Francisco Giants, June 22, 1958
Louis Jackson: Chicago Cubs, July 23, 1958
Willie Tasby: Baltimore Orioles, September 9, 1958
Earl Robinson: Los Angleles Dodgers, September 10, 1958
Henry Mason: Philadelphia Phillies September 12, 1958
Ellis Burton: St. Louis Cardinals, September 18, 1958
George Altman: Chicago Cubs, April 11, 1959
Robert (Bob) Gibson: St. Louis Cardinals, April 15, 1959
Don Eaddy: Chicago Cubs, April 24, 1959
Alvin Jackson: Pittsburgh Pirates, May 3, 1959
Maurice Wills: Los Angeles Dodgers, June 6, 1959
Richard Ricketts: St. Louis Cardinals, June 14, 1959
Marshall Bridges: St. Louis Cardinals, June 17, 1959
Lee Maye: Milwaukee Braves, July 17, 1959
Elijah (Pumpsie) Green: Boston Red Sox, July 21, 1959
Earl Wilson: Boston Red Sox, July 28, 1959
Willie Lee McCovey: San Francisco Giants, July 30, 1959
Billy Leo Williams: Chicago Cubs, August 6, 1959
Fred Valentine: Baltimore Orioles, September 7, 1959
James A. Proctor: Detroit Tigers, September 14, 1959
Thomas H. Davis: Los Angeles Dodgers, September 22, 1959
Samuel Drake: Chicago Cubs, April 17, 1960
Louis Johnson: Chicago Cubs, April 17, 1960
Walter Johnson: Cleveland Indians, April 19, 1960
John Glenn: St. Louis Cardinals, June 16, 1960
Joe A. Gaines: Cincinnati Reds, June 16, 1960
Earl Francis: Pittsburgh Pirates, June 30, 1960
Sherman (Roadblock) Jones: San Francisco Giants, August 6, 1960
Floyd: Robinson Chicago White Sox, August 10, 1960
Willie Davis: Los Angeles Dodgers, September 8, 1960
Stanley Johnson: Chicago White Sox, September 18, 1960
Jesse Gonder: New York Yankees, September 23, 1960
Jacob Wood: Detroit Tigers, April 11, 1961
Ronald Henry: Minnesota Twins, April 15, 1961

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