Any new electee will be inducted into the Hall during this year's ceremonies on July 21-22 in Cooperstown, N.Y. Santo, the legendary Cubs third baseman, was elected to the Hall last month by the Golden Era Committee and will be inducted on July 22 behind the Clark Sports Center. On July 21 at Doubleday Field, Ford C. Frick Award winner Tim McCarver and J.G. Taylor Spink Award electee Bob Elliott will be honored in a separate ceremony.As in any Hall election, to ascend to the Hall, a player needs to have his name appear on 75 percent of the ballots cast. Players must amass at least 5 percent of the votes to remain on the BBWAA ballot from year to year. They have 15 years of eligibility, beginning five years after retirement. BBWAA members with at least 10 consecutive years of covering Major League Baseball could place as many as 10 names on their ballots. This past December, the Golden Era Committee of 16 members considered 10 candidates -- eight players -- who participated in the Major Leagues from 1947-72. Needing 12 votes to be elected, Santo -- who died on Dec. 3, 2010, from complications of diabetes and cancer -- received 15 of the 16 votes. Larkin, an ESPN baseball analyst, is in his third year on the BBWAA ballot. He garnered 62.1 percent -- 361 of a possible 581 votes -- in last year's balloting. Based on those figures, he must jump 12.9 percent to gain election. He received 51.6 percent of the vote in 2010, his first year on the ballot. That kind of acceleration is not unheard of. In the history of the BBWAA balloting, which goes back to the first class in 1936, 16 players have made a leap of at least 13 percent in a single year to get into the Hall. The last player to make up such a sizable margin was Cubs second baseman Ryne Sandberg, who went from 61.1 percent in 2004 to 76.2 percent a year later. Coincidentally, Sandberg was elected in his third year on the ballot. Among the notable first-timers on the BBWAA ballot are Yankees center fielder Bernie Williams, Braves catcher Javy Lopez and Angels outfielder Tim Salmon. The other first-timers are Jeromy Burnitz, Vinny Castilla, Brian Jordan, Bill Mueller, Terry Mulholland, Phil Nevin, Brad Radke, Ruben Sierra, Tony Womack and Eric Young. Aside from Larkin, other prominent returnees are pitchers Jack Morris (who was fourth with 53.5 percent of the vote last year, his 12th time on the ballot) and Lee Smith and first baseman Jeff Bagwell. Morris, who won the World Series with Detroit, Minnesota and Toronto and had 254 victories during his 18-year big league career, is a long shot. He needs to pick up 21.5 percent to make it this year. That's happened 10 times in the history of the balloting, though not since 1964, when White Sox shortstop Luke Appling gained election. But Morris has always been pretty blase about his chances. "I've come to the realization that if I don't make it, then I don't make it," Morris said. "The only thing that changes in my life is that I'd get a lot more money, and when I walked by, people would say, 'There goes a Hall of Famer.'" First basemen Mark McGwire and Rafael Palmeiro were also back on the ballot, but the pair's association with the era of performance-enhancing drugs has led to a considerably low percentage of the vote. McGwire, the Cardinals hitting coach who admitted he used steroids during his playing career, got 19.1 percent of the vote last year. Palmeiro, who failed a drug test and was suspended in 2005, his last MLB season, got 11 percent of the vote last year, his first on the ballot. The other returnees are the low vote-generating Juan Gonzalez, Edgar Martinez, Don Mattingly, Fred McGriff, Dale Murphy, Tim Raines, Alan Trammell and Larry Walker. For example, last year, Mattingly, heading into his second season as Dodgers manager, garnered only 13.6 percent. "I don't think I'm a Hall of Famer," Mattingly said. "I don't think I have the numbers. Part of it is longevity, and I wasn't able to do that and do the things that I did early in my career." After this year, the coming ballots will be more and more star-studded. What surely will be a controversial vote next year will include all-time home run leader Barry Bonds, 354-game winner Roger Clemens, 3,000-hit-club member Craig Biggio, 12-time All-Star Mike Piazza and Sammy Sosa, who slugged 609 homers. The ballot for 2014 induction will boast a trio of great pitchers in Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine and Mike Mussina, plus slugger Frank Thomas. The group for 2015 will include another great group of pitchers: No. 2 overall strikeout leader Randy Johnson, Pedro Martinez and John Smoltz, plus outfielder Gary Sheffield. And finally, the ballot for 2016 will offer outfielder Ken Griffey Jr., Yankees left-hander Andy Pettitte and closers Trevor Hoffman and Billy Wagner. Bonds and Clemens are in the midst of court cases, each charged with perjury allegedly committed during legal testimony about the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Bonds was found guilty on one count of obstruction of justice and has appealed his sentence. Clemens' trial is set to begin anew this spring. The BBWAA has been consistent in electing at least one player each year, but only eight times in history has it elected three players or more. The last time the writers did not elect anyone was 1996, when pitcher Jim Bunning and manager Earl Weaver were among a quartet elected by a Veterans Committee. Larkin remains the primary hope, and this would seem to be his best shot at it for a while. He is a nine-time Silver Slugger Award winner, a member of a Reds squad that swept the A's in the 1990 World Series and the National League's Most Valuable Player in 1995. His .295 lifetime batting average is 33 points higher than that of Cardinals shortstop Ozzie Smith, who was elected predominately for his defense in 2002. Cal Ripken Jr., elected along with Padres right fielder Tony Gwynn on the first ballot for both men in 2007, hit .277 as a shortstop, the position he played for most of his stellar 21-year career with the Orioles. But Larkin said he isn't taking anything for granted. "I spent some time with Jim Rice when he was elected [in 2009] in his 15th year," Larkin said. "And I asked him why he thought it took him so long to be elected. He said, 'You can't go out and do anything else in your career. You have to feel good about what you were able to do.' Nothing had changed. That gave me a good perspective. So I've got to roll with the punches, at this point. "I'd certainly love to be in, but I'm just going to react to the news one way or another."
Barry M. Bloom is national reporter for MLB.com and writes an MLBlog, Boomskie on Baseball. Follow @boomskie on Twitter This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.