Bavasi's best friend at Bronxville High School was Fred Frick, the son of National League president Ford Frick. ... Frick's father persuaded Larry MacPhail to give Bavasi a chance in 1939 after he graduated from DePauw University the previous year. ... MacPhail gave him a front-office job in Brooklyn, and then promoted him to business manager of Class D Americus, thus starting Bavasi's long and distinguished career in baseball.
As the long-time general manager for the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers from 1951-68, his clubs won eight NL pennants and four world championships in his 17 years at the helm. ... He built the Dodgers' only World Championship in Brooklyn (1955) and then won on the West Coast three times (1959, '63, '65).
He brought Hall of Fame Manager Walter Alston up from the Minors in 1954, which proved to be a winning appointment. He built the core team of Sandy Koufax, Don Drysdale, Duke Snider, Jackie Robinson, Pee Wee Reese and Roy Campenella, that helped lead his clubs to top three finishes in 13 of 17 seasons -- eight first-place, four second-place and one third-place finishes.
Bavasi served as part owner and team president of the San Diego Padres (1969-77), and executive vice president of the California Angels (1978-84). ... He was twice named Executive of the Year, once with the Dodgers (1959) and once in the Minor Leagues with Montreal (1948).
The La Jolla, Calif., resident credits Walter O'Malley, Branch Rickey and MacPhail as helping his career the most.
An influential team owner and policy maker, Dreyfuss was both an innovator and one of the best informed men in the world regarding the ongoings in organized baseball at the turn of the century. ... Originally a whiskey salesman after his parents moved from Germany to whiskey rich Kentucky, Dreyfuss became one of the original supporters of a Commissioner position -- he was instrumental in both Judge Landis being elected and in the dissolving of the National Commission. ... He is renowned for being the father of the modern World Series, merged the Louisville Colonels into the National League and was the league's first vice president.
Dreyfuss first became interested in baseball in Paducah, Ky., where he organized a semi-pro team. ... He later moved to Louisville, where in 1890 he became a stockholder in the American Association's (and soon to be National League's) Louisville Colonels. ... He bought out his partners in 1899 for $50,000 and became president of the team. ... With interest in the 12-team National League fading, he merged the Colonels with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1900 as part of the new eight-team league. ... The Pirates became an instant powerhouse, winning three consecutive pennants.
He moved to Pittsburgh with 14 players, including Honus Wagner, Fred Clarke and Rube Waddell. ... After sinking to the second division in the second decade of the 1900s, Dreyfuss brought in Pie Traynor, Kiki Cuyler, Rabbit Maranville and Max Carey, making the Pirates a contender once again.
Dreyfuss remained president of the team until his death and, overall, his clubs won six pennants and two World Series (1909, 1925), finishing below fourth place only six times in 33 seasons.
He was one of the founding fathers of what became the World Series, as in 1903 the Boston Pilgrims challenged Dreyfuss' Pirates to a series of championship games. ... Due to injury and illness his Pirates had but one pitcher available, but Dreyfuss agreed to play the games to avoid upsetting the delicate balance of power achieved in previous years. ... The Pirates went on to lose to the Pilgrims 5-3 in the first Fall Classic.
The "Sisler incident" was the cornerstone of Dreyfuss' push for a baseball Commissioner. ... With young future Hall of Famer George Sisler at the University of Michigan, the Pirates negotiated a contract with him while Rickey, then with the Browns, negotiated with Sisler's father. ... The case went to the National Commission, a committee consisting of both league presidents and Cincinnati club owner Garry Hermann, who acted as chairman, to see which team would retain Sisler's services. ... Because of possible influence from the league presidents, Hermann acted alone in awarding Sisler to the Browns. Dreyfuss publicly accused Hermann of being influenced by AL president Ban Johnson and took an interest in dismantling the Commission. ... With the support of AL club owners Charles Comiskey and Harry Frazee, the committee was disbanded and a Commissioner's position was started. Sisler stayed with the Browns.
Dreyfuss, the National League's first vice president (1929-32), was the longtime league representative on the scheduling committee, working annually with Johnson to structure a cohesive schedule. ... He was known as a unique innovator and tireless worker, always engineering a fair schedule for both leagues. ... He died in 1932 following surgery.
Fetzer was the third major owner of the Detroit Tigers, following in the footsteps of Frank Navin and Walter Briggs. ... A self-made man who parlayed the fledgling radio broadcasting industry into a fortune, Fetzer put together a group that purchased the club from Walter Briggs Jr. in 1956. ... He successfully ran one of the American League's original franchises, serving as chairman for 34 years, including eight years after he sold the club to Tom Monaghan, whom he picked as his successor, in 1983.
Fetzer put together a three-group syndicate of 11 radio/television individuals who purchased the club in 1956. ... In 1960, he gained two-thirds control of the team and shortly thereafter, bought the reaming shares to become the sole owner.
He was a behind-the-scenes baseball man who adored the Tigers. ... He was renowned for his dignity, leadership and innovation. ... In 1961, he renamed Briggs Stadium, Tiger Stadium. ... He later sold Tiger Stadium to the City of Detroit for $1 in 1977, in exchange for a 30-year lease.
Fetzer's first aim was the development of a winning team for Detroit and Michigan fans. ... After a sixth-place finish in 1960, with an emphasis on player development, which became the keynote of Tigers operations, the club staged a stirring battle for the 1961 pennant. ... Their bid fell short, but Fetzer was proud of the second-place finish -- the highest since 1950 -- and a record of 101 victories.
When the Tigers failed to live up to their promise of 1961, Fetzer put his stamp of approval on changes which led to a World Championship in 1968. ... The Tigers scored 103 victories and attracted 2,031,847 fans during the regular season, then nosed out the St. Louis Cardinals to win the World Series.
Fetzer was a member of the committee which selected Joe Cronin to become president of the American League in 1959 and was instrumental in the selection of MacPhail to succeed Cronin in 1974. In the American League's bitter fight over expansion to 12 teams for the 1969 season, Fetzer was a tireless behind-the-scenes negotiator and peacemaker.
He was also a member of baseball's Executive Council from 1961-1965 and was named again to that top-level policy group in 1974. ... He played a prominent role in drafting bonus payment legislation as a member of a special Interleague committee and was instrumental in player-pension plans as a member of the American League committee on that subject. ... He also served as chairman of the league planning committee from 1963-64.
As chairman, Fetzers' clubs won four AL East flags and two World Series (1968, 1984), with the '84 club setting franchise records for wins (104) and attendance (2,704,794), both of which still stand.
It was his broadcasting genius that was instrumental in pushing baseball's television income to levels once believed unreachable. ... Regularly sought out for advice and action on television problems, Fetzer advanced in 1963 a revolutionary plan for a weekly series of "baseball spectaculars" which was built around Major League games and televised at night into every section of the country, including Major League areas previously blacked out. ... That plan developed into the successful Monday Night Baseball series, also used in other sports.
Recognized as one of baseball's most shrewd talent evaluators, Howsam turned the mediocre Cincinnati Reds into the "Big Red Machine" dynasty of the 1970s. ... His baseball roots go back to 1948 and the Denver Bears, and his Major League resume, which includes executive positions with the St. Louis Cardinals and the Reds, spanned 18 seasons from 1964-1985.
After his family purchased the Bears as a Class A team in 1948, Howsam ran the franchise. ... He methodically built the team into a viable business, setting a 10-year attendance record. ... Howsam oversaw the team's move from the Class A Western League to the Triple-A American Association. ... His goal was to bring Major League Baseball to Denver, thought it never happened on his watch. ... Instead, Howsam was one of the founders of the Continental League in 1959, which he hoped would become the third Major League. ... Though the league never came to fruition, it spawned franchises in Houston (Colt 45's), Minneapolis (Twins) and New York (Mets), all of which became Major League teams.
Howsam's initiatives were noticed by Rickey, who brought Howsam to the Cardinals in the middle of the 1964 season to replace Bing Devine as general manager, ultimately serving in that capacity through the 1966 season. ... The Cardinals won the 1964 World Series, though they finished in the second division in 1965 and 1966. ... In his short tenure there, he named Red Schoendienst manager and traded for Orlando Cepeda. ... After Howsam left, the club went to successive World Series' in 1967 and '68, beating Boston and losing to Detroit. ... He also oversaw the club's move into the second Busch Stadium.
Looking for a fresh start, Howsam latched on with the Cincinnati Reds in 1967, replacing Bill DeWitt as general manager, a position he held for the next 12 seasons (1967-78). ... DeWitt, Howsam and manager Sparky Anderson are credited with building the Big Red Machine Reds that won six division titles, four National League pennants and back-to-back World Series in 1975-76. ... Under Howsam, the club promoted many young players from their farm system, including Davey Concepcion, Ken Griffey and Don Gullett, and traded for Joe Morgan and George Foster, to augment veterans Pete Rose, Tony Perez and Johnny Bench.
His leadership was so strong that he also assumed the role of president and chief operating officer from 1973-78, and then again in 1983-85; prior to Marge Schott purchasing the club. ... Howsam is credited with building the Reds farm system into one of the strongest during that era, and was named Major League Executive of the Year by The Sporting News in 1973. ... He also won the award at the Class A and Triple-A levels, making Howsam one of only three executives to be so honored three times (Rickey and George Weiss were the others).
While presiding over the team's move from Crosley Field to Riverfront Stadium in 1970, Howsam expanded the front-office staff and established promotional and public relations programs that were necessary for success in the new park, including the Straight-A Student ticket program, rewarding hard work in school.
Howsam resigned in 1978, but returned for three more years in the mid-1980s, before retiring. ... He was elected to the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 2004. ... During his career, he was a member of Major League Baseball's executive and player relations committees.
Kauffman was born in Garden City, Mo., in 1916. ... He moved to Kansas City as a boy and called the City of Fountains his home for the remainder of his life. ... After serving in the Navy in World War II, Kauffman worked as a salesman for a pharmaceutical company before founding Marion Laboratories in his mother's basement. ... He built Marion into a diversified health care company with sales reaching nearly one billion dollars, and possessed a sense of daring and an innate ability to motivate those around him.
The strength and integrity of Kauffman's ownership was the cornerstone of success for the Royals during the club's first 25 years. ... When purchasing the club as an expansion team in 1968, his primary motivation was to provide winning Major League Baseball for Kansas City. ... Prior to his death in 1993, he provided an innovative plan to ensure new ownership would keep baseball in Kansas City.
The renaming of the stadium on July 2, 1993, was appropriate in that it was the strength and integrity of Kauffman's ownership that provided the cornerstone for the Royals' success. ... He originally purchased the club with the primary and continuous motivation of providing winning baseball for Kansas Citians. ... Kauffman made the Royals a model sports franchise, overseeing a team that won six division titles, two American League pennants, and its only World Series championship in 1985.
"Mr. K," as he was affectionately known, also gave much personal attention to the Kansas City community, an important philosophy that was inbred into the Royals organization and still remains today. ... His most enduring legacy is the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, which assists young people, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds, get a quality education. ... The foundation also strives to assist the entrepreneurial spirit, a spirit that was so evident in his life.
Among the awards Kauffman won for his leadership include the Kansas City Press Club's 1973 Man of the Year, the "Mr. Baseball" honoree at the Kansas City Baseball Awards Dinner in 1976 and 1991 and induction into the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame. ... He also received the Horatio Alger Award, the Golden Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement, the Kansas City Chamber of Commerce "Kansas Citian of the Year" Award and the Distinguished Service Award from the American Legion.
From working the scoreboard at Washington Senators' home games at Griffith Stadium while in high school to serving as Major League Baseball's Commissioner for 15 years, Kuhn was one of the game's most influential figures of the latter 20th century. ... His tenure as Commissioner was the third longest in baseball history behind Landis, who held the office for 25 years, and current Commissioner, Bud Selig.
Kuhn graduated from Princeton University in 1947 and earned his law degree from the University of Virginia in 1950. ... He worked for a New York City law firm and handled many baseball cases, acting as general counsel to several teams from the late 1950s through the late 1960s. ... He won an anti-trust court battle in 1966, clearing the way for the Braves' move from Milwaukee to Atlanta. ... The culmination of these assignments came in 1968 while representing National League owners in negotiations with the Major League Players Association to avert a threatened work stoppage.
Kuhn became the fifth Commissioner in MLB history on Feb. 4, 1969, two months after team owners dismissed William D. Eckert. ... When the players union urged its members not to sign contracts for the 1969 season, imperiling Spring Training in a dispute over pension demands, Kuhn orchestrated a successful settlement. ... He also forced certain owners with ties to Las Vegas, Nev., to sell their interest in organized gambling. ... On Aug. 13, 1969, just six months after taking office, Kuhn was rewarded with a seven-year contract extension.
Kuhn's administration was proactive and inventive, as evidenced by baseball's establishment of a drug awareness program for players in 1971 -- the first such initiative among the four major professional sports. ... But as baseball changed -- including the Curt Flood Supreme Court case, dissolution of the reserve clause and the advent of free agency -- power shifted from the owners to the players. ... Kuhn attempted to maintain his command and control: He presided over the 1977 expansion of teams; kept Willie Mays and Mickey Mantle out of baseball after both took jobs with the gaming industry; voided Charlie Finley's 1979 sale of three prominent Oakland players and penalized other owners for violations; and suspended several players for drug involvement. ... He was, however, unable to avert players strikes in 1972 and 1981.
Under Kuhn's leadership, MLB attendance tripled and lucrative television contracts followed his introduction of night-time baseball to the World Series. ... He strongly supported amateur baseball, convincing Olympic executives to include the sport on an exhibition basis beginning in 1984. ... Kuhn was instrumental in the Hall of Fame's 1971 decision to include veterans of the Negro leagues. ... Although he was named 1983's Man of the Year by The Sporting News, team owners felt Kuhn lacked sufficient business expertise to administer a revenue sharing plan and he failed to secure enough votes for a third seven-year term. ... He stayed on during a search for his successor then left on Oct. 1, 1984, when Peter Ueberroth succeeded him.
Following his service as MLB Commissioner, he returned to the legal community and later served as president of the Kent Group, a business, sports and financial consulting firm. ... He was also an adviser and board member for Domino's Pizza and the Ave Maria Foundation.
John McHale spent nearly a half century in baseball as a player, farm director, general manager and limited partner, serving in those different capacities with three organizations: Detroit Tigers, Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves and Montreal Expos.
The Detroit native graduated cum laude in economics from the University of Notre Dame in 1947 (his university studies were interrupted by three years in the Navy during World War II), where he was a monogram football player for the Irish.
He immediately went in to baseball, even before graduating, playing first in the Minors for his hometown Tigers, before spending five seasons (1943-45, 1947-48) with the Major League club as a first baseman. ... He had three at-bats in the Tigers' 1945 World Series victory over the Chicago Cubs. ... His education, perspective and determination made his transition from the diamond to the front office natural.
McHale began his front-office career in 1948 in Detroit, as assistant farm director, ascending to director of player personnel. ... His accolades in player development include leasing and designing Tigertown in Lakeland, Fla. -- the franchise's first central training facility. ... McHale was rewarded for his hard work by being named general manager in 1957, at the age of 35, succeeding Briggs Jr. ... He integrated the Tigers by signing Ozzie Virgil, though he integrated the team's Minor Leagues years prior. ... Other key acquisitions included future Hall of Famers Al Kaline and Jim Bunning, as well as Harvey Kuenn and Mickey Lolich, among others.
After two seasons as general manager, and 11 overall in the Detroit front office, McHale succeeded John Quinn in Milwaukee, becoming president and general manager of the Milwaukee Braves from 1959-65. ... He became the first general manager of the Atlanta Braves in 1966, spending eight seasons in total with the franchise, before being replaced by Paul Richards. ... His Braves teams finished as high as second place on two occasions. ... During his tenure, he oversaw the move from Milwaukee to Atlanta and brought future Hall of Famer Phil Niekro, as well as Joe Torre to the Major League club, plus many others.
McHale then moved to New York to become the top aide to Commissioner Eckert for two years, before Charles Bronfman called. ... In 1968, he joined a group of Montreal industrialists to organize the Montreal Expos, who began play in the National League the following year. ... As general manager (1978-84), the Expos achieved their only playoff appearance in 1981 and McHale was rewarded with The Sporting News' Major League Executive of the Year Award. ... McHale stayed with the Expos for 23 years, until 1990, serving as president, general manager, and vice chairman of the organization. ... He was concurrently vice president of the National League and a member of MLB's Executive Committee. ... He also became the first president of Promotion Corporation, which was the nucleus for Major League Licensing and Joint Promotions Agreements.
He retired from baseball in 1990, though he stayed involved as president of the Association of Professional Baseball Players of America (APBPA) and currently serves on the Baseball Hall of Fame's Board of Directors. ... He was also a 20-year member of the Major League Rules Committee.
Miller has spent a lifetime supporting unions. ... In 1965, while weighing job offers, representatives from the Players Association, seeking to replace Judge Robert Cannon, asked to meet with him. ... He took over in 1966, took a traditionally anti-union work force, and rallied it behind him.
In 1969, a players strike threatened, but was quickly settled when management increased the pension fund and the minimum Major League salary, and recognized the right of players to employ agents.
In 1972, the Players Association staged the first general work stoppage in baseball history, delaying the start of the season for 13 days and forcing the cancellation of 86 regular-season games. ... The players wanted a 17 percent raise in pension benefits since enactment of the last Basic Agreement in 1969, and $500,000 to cover increased health care benefits. ... The strike began on April 1, five days before the start of the regular season and fan protest greeted the move. ... The players won an increased management contribution of $490,000 to their benefit plan, plus a transfer of $400,000 in surplus pension funds to improve retirement benefits and maintain their health benefits.
Miller next turned his attention to the reserve clause, which had stood since 1879, and backed Curt Flood's challenge of it. ... On June 19, 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in the Flood case was delivered. ... By a 5-3 majority, the high court reaffirmed the game's antitrust exemption that kept the reserve clause intact.
In 1974, the Miller-backed players won the right to salary arbitration, a huge step for the union that culminated in December 1974, when arbitrator Peter Seitz ruled that Catfish Hunter's contract with the Oakland A's had been breached by owner Charles Finley. ... Hunter was declared a free agent and the ensuing bidding war that erupted that erupted for Hunter's services, was a prelude of what would soon come.
With the Hunter victory, Miller again launched a challenge against the reserve clause, this time in late 1975, with pitchers Dave McNally and Andy Messersmith, whose contracts had expired. ... The owners interpretation was that the reserve clause allowed them to perpetually renew a contract and thus bound a player to a team for as long as the team wished. ... Seitz ruled that the option year in every contract was just that: One option year that could not be renewed perpetually. ... After Seitz's ruling, the players and owners worked out a new Basic Agreement that gave players the right to free agency after six years, a requirement that is still in effect today.
In 1980, the owners wanted to institute compensation for teams losing free agents. ... The players were adamantly opposed because the owners' plan would severely damage the players' negotiating leverage. ... The first midseason strike in baseball history was barely averted. ... But a year later, on June 11, with the issue still unresolved, the players struck. ... The strike was settled on July 31, with one-third of the season lost. ... Eventually, the owners had the compensation formulas scrapped because the union had insisted that all teams, not just those signing free agents, had to submit players to the compensation pool. ... This did not sit well with teams that opted out of the market but still lost a player.
Miller accomplished much for the players during his 18-year tenure as executive director -- specifically free agency, salary arbitration and unparalleled gains in their pension. ... He took an organization with assets of $5,400 in 1966 and shaped it into the one of the most successful unions in the history of American labor. ... The average player salary in 1966 was $19,000 a year and 30 years later it was $1.4 million. ... He also fought for improved playing conditions, from padded outfield fencing to better defined warning tracks to safer locker rooms. ... In addition, he successfully negotiated millions more additional revenue for the players in the area of licensing. ... With better salaries, the level of play was said to have increased, with players now being able to engage in year-round conditioning, versus finding winter employment.
Walter F. O'Malley
O'Malley is noted as perhaps the most influential club owner of baseball's early expansion era. ... A 1926 graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, he earned a law degree from Fordham University. ... O'Malley practiced law for 20 years before gaining control of the Dodgers in 1950 and building a model franchise which he effectively ran for the next 30 years. ... Under his presidency and chairmanship, the Dodgers finished first or second 20 times, won 11 NL pennants and four World Championships.
In 1941, O'Malley established his first roots with the Brooklyn team, becoming its attorney while also investing in the club. ... He gained control and became president of the Dodgers in 1950, driving away the flamboyant Rickey, who was forced to sell his 25 percent interest in the team. ... O'Malley at the same time purchased the remaining 50 percent of the stock from the Ebbets estate, paying an incredibly modest $1 million for perhaps the National League's most prominent franchise. ... In his first seven years at the helm (1950-56), the Dodgers won four NL pennants and a World Series while also leading the league in attendance. ... He continued to maintain a tremendous player development program that was installed under the Rickey regime.
O'Malley's experience and success with the Dodgers led to other assignments in baseball. ... A powerful decision maker with a low profile, O'Malley served on many significant committees. ... He was part of the group to oust Commissioner Chandler and recommend Commissioners Frick, Eckert and Kuhn.
Because of the inadequacies of Ebbets Field, O'Malley made attempts with New York State politicians to have a new stadium built. ... When talks came to an impasse, he moved the club to Los Angeles at the conclusion of the 1957 season. ... At the same time, he persuaded New York Giants president Horace Stoneham to follow him west, as baseball's geographical expansion began to flourish. ... Los Angeles politicians made the prospects of moving easier for O'Malley by selling him 300 acres of land at a nominal fee and agreeing to finance access roads to the proposed stadium. ... The team played at L.A .Coliseum for four years while 56,000 seat Dodger Stadium was being built for the 1962 season. ... The new stadium, designed, privately financed and built by O'Malley, annually attracted more than two million spectators, and regularly set attendance records. ... In 1979, the Dodgers became the first club to draw three million in home attendance.
O'Malley was a master of marketing. ... He kept ticket prices low and profited from concessions and a lucrative local television contract. ... In 1977, O'Malley's Dodgers were valued at $50 million, or twice the value of the average Major League franchise.
In 1970, he turned the presidency over to his son, Peter, choosing to remain chairman of the board until his death in 1979. ... He remained an unofficial adviser to Commissioners until 1979, and is widely recognized as the catalyst, through his move west, in Major League Baseball's expansions of 1961-62, 1969 and 1977.
In 1999, The Sporting News named O'Malley as the 11th most powerful person in all of 20th century sports, and ABC ranked him eighth in its Top 10 Most Influential People "Off the Field" in sports history, as voted by a sports century panel.
Paul began his career in baseball at age 16 and spent 49 years as a baseball executive in the Major Leagues ... He spent 59 years, overall, starting as publicity and ticket manager for the Rochester Red Wings of the International League and ended as president of the Cleveland Indians in 1984.
After being named traveling secretary of the Rochester Red Wings in 1934 at age 25, Paul joined the Cincinnati Reds and Warren Giles two years later in baseball operations. ... By 1947, he was named assistant to the vice president, becoming vice president and general manager in 1951, succeeding Giles, who left the Reds to become National League president. ... In 1956, Paul was named The Sporting News Executive of the Year, his first of two such honors, and by 1961, the Reds team he built won the NL pennant, losing to the Yankees in the World Series. ... While in Cincinnati, he is credited with signing scores of future Major League stars including Frank Robinson, Curt Flood, Vada Pinson, Pete Rose, Tommy Harper and Jim Maloney, among others.
Paul left Cincinnati in 1960 to join the soon-to-be expansion Houston Colt 45's as general manager, but left shortly thereafter to become president and general manager of the Indians, from 1961-73, replacing Frank Lane as general manager, the first of Paul's two stints in Cleveland. ... He made numerous moves while in Cleveland, perhaps the most notable being bringing fan-favorite Rocky Colavito back, with the prospects of the Indians moving south or west, on the horizon.
When Ohio native George Steinbrenner purchased the New York Yankees in 1973, he brought Paul on as president and general manager, as it was Paul who was credited with facilitating the sale of the Bronx Bombers from CBS to Steinbrenner. ... He won his second Executive of the Year Award in 1974 as he worked to build the Yankees into what became a perennial powerhouse. ... He acquired Chris Chambliss, Oscar Gamble, Graig Nettles and Dick Tidrow -- all from the Indians, as the nucleus of those teams.
Paul was in his fifth season with New York in 1977 when he captured his first World Championship. ... During his Yankees tenure, he gained recognition for trading for key contributors to the late 1970s success; including Willie Randolph, Chris Chambliss and Lou Piniella.
He returned to the helm in Cleveland as president in 1978 for seven more seasons, before retiring at age 74. ... In his 27 seasons as a general manager, he captured one World Series crown (1977), two pennants (1976-77), one second-place finish and three third-place finishes.
During his tenure, Paul was a chief proponent of dividing each league into two divisions, a change that took place before the 1969 season. ... Additionally, he was a strong supporter of the designated hitter, which the AL adopted for the 1973 season. ... Paul was chiefly responsible for changing the Minor League Draft system from drawing numbers out of a hat to drafting in reverse order of finish in the standings. ... He revolutionized the Free-Agent Player Draft, which started in 1965, and helped implement the 1953 rule changes requiring fielders to bring their gloves in off the field after each half-inning.