Carrillo, 26, was charged with trespassing after a warning at 3 a.m. ET, according to the Houston Chronicle. Carrillo was released from Hillsborough County Jail on $500 bail just before 9 a.m.
No further details were known, reports said.
The Astros had no comment on the arrest.
The No. 18 overall selection in the 2005 Draft by the Padres out of the University of Miami, Carrillo was claimed off waivers by the Astros in September.
Carrillo has made just three big league appearances, all in 2009 with San Diego. He allowed 15 earned runs in 10 1/3 innings in three starts.
Carrillo spent all of 2010 with the Padres' Triple-A club in Portland, going 5-14 with a 5.60 ERA in 27 starts. The 6-foot-3, 170-pound right-hander was born in Chicago. The Chronicle reported that he is a Miami resident.